Wiki: The Vulcans

The Vulcans is a nickname used to refer to Republican Presidential candidate George W. Bush's foreign policy advisory team assembled to brief him prior to the 2000 U.S. presidential election. The Vulcans were led by Condoleezza Rice and included Richard Armitage, Robert Blackwill, Stephen Hadley, Richard Perle, Dov S. Zakheim, Robert Zoellick and Paul Wolfowitz, and Wolfowitz protégé, Scooter Libby. Other key campaign figures including Dick Cheney, George P. Shultz and Colin Powell were also closely associated with the group but were never actually members. During the campaign, Bush sought to deflect questions about his own lack of foreign policy experience by pointing to this group of experienced advisers. After the election, all the members of the team received key positions within the new Bush administration.

The name "The Vulcans" alludes to a huge statue of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire and metalworking, in Rice’s home town of Birmingham, Alabama...

...Following the election of George W. Bush as President of the United States, the Vulcans all received key positions within the new administration.

Stephen Hadley was appointed U.S. Deputy National Security Advisor under Rice and later U.S. National Security Advisor.

Condoleezza Rice was appointed U.S. National Security Advisor and later U.S. Secretary of State in Bush's Second Administration.

Paul Wolfowitz was appointed U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense under Donald Rumsfeld and later president of the World Bank in 2005.

Robert Zoellick was appointed U.S. Trade Representative, United States Deputy Secretary of State and nominated as World Bank president in 2007.

...The humble foreign policy outlined by Bush during his campaign, however, was quickly dropped after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in favor of a more aggressive policy that has been dubbed the Bush Doctrine...


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